Biotechnology involves the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other related purposes. This branch of study is a combination of science and technology and contributes to the advancement in the field of life sciences for creating genetic modifications of living organisms.
A large portion of inventions and advancements (antibodies, GMOs, biomarkers) in biotechnology involve sequencing genes, amino acid and nucleotide bases to transform the genetic make-up to produce modified (enhanced) living organisms.
A gene consists of a chain of polynucleotides consisting of the nucleotide sequences composed of bases – Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Guanine (G) and Cytosine (C) that code for amino acids. These amino acids are the building blocks of proteins and there are 20 naturally occurring amino acids. A special one-letter or triple letter codes represent each amino acid.
The sequence listings thus identify the gene or the protein by a “Sequence ID No.”. One Sequence ID Number (SEQ ID No.) corresponds to a single gene/ protein and the complete sequence listing provides the list of entire sequence.